Inflation Comes Down, but Gold Surges – What’s Going On?

Inflation Comes Down, but Gold Surges. What Is Going On?
Image © Martin Reutschi

From Peter Reagan at Birch Gold Group

This week, Your News to Know rounds up the latest top stories involving gold and the overall economy. Stories include: Reviewing gold’s big week, and the folly of Canada’s central bank.

Gold’s sudden surge over $1,750

Gold’s $100+ rise to $1,760 from $1,650 last week wasn’t an intraday price move, but it feels so abrupt and rapid. And every time gold’s price surges like this, we expect there to be some crisis or calamity. After all, it was gold’s biggest weekly gain in 30 months.

Remember what happened 30 months ago?

This time, though, there’s just no obvious crisis or calamity on the horizon… Should we consider this a newly-bullish development? That gold can gain so much (and so quickly) in the total absence of alarm bells?

So what’s happening?

The latest U.S. inflation data clocked in at 7.7% , which is, as the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) wants you to know, “the smallest 12-month increase since the period ending January 2022.” So far this year, inflation has declined from over 4x the Fed’s target to almost 4x the Fed’s target. I guess you can call it progress…

Depending on where you live, inflation remains alarmingly high, over 12% in some regions while other areas celebrate a pullback to merely 6.6%. That matters, because high inflation (and high inflation expectations) have often fueled gold demand.

Mainstream media are full of stories about, “Why is gold posting massive gains on news of slowing inflation?”

There are two ways to look at this…

The first? Inflation is still orders of magnitude too high, and not declining appreciably. (Should CPI continue to come in 0.2% lower every month, we’re still looking at over two and a half years of prices rising faster than the Fed’s targeted rate.) Folks are finally catching on, and not just retail investors – as we discussed last week, central banks are buying gold at a 55-year record pace. Maybe even the slowest learners are starting to understand that their dollars are going to keep losing value faster than expected for significantly longer than anyone has been willing to admit?

The second? Well, any drop in headline inflation gets Wall Street hoping for some kind of Federal Reserve policy turnaround. The much-discussed “Fed pivot.” Perhaps we’ll see stimulus, another few trillion dollars of money-printing and another round of quantitative easing to ease our pain? That’s what we’ve come to expect, given that food and energy prices have yet to decline.

That’s right – I said, food and energy prices have yet to decline. But inflation went down? How does that make sense?

Well, according to the BLS, exactly four price categories declined in October:

October 2022 CPI update via Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

October 2022 CPI update via U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

That’s right: we’re paying less for piped gas, used cars, clothing and medical care services.

In other words, all this hoopla about Inflation’s finally declining! is rather misguided. (Unless you’re shopping for a new wardrobe or an old sedan.)

But the real story is much simpler: gold price rises in direct correlation with a weakening dollar. See for yourself:

30-day chart of gold price vs. dollar strength

When the green line (USD) goes down, the gold line goes up. Source

This is just a 30-day chart, but it gives you an idea of just how silly it is to talk about gold price without also considering the U.S. dollar’s purchasing power.

In the long run, I expect the purchasing power of the dollar to continue to decline, and gold’s price in dollars to rise. In the short run, we’ll continue to see big price swings whenever Wall Street decides they can forecast the future.

Canada might be the only nation you’ve heard of that’s “too smart” to own gold

Numismatists might argue, but the Canadian maple leaf is probably the main competitor of the American eagle. The Royal Canadian Mint doesn’t exactly try to hide this desire. And since the U.S. has the largest central bank bullion stockpile on record by a wide margin, Canada can’t be trailing too far behind… Right?

Always the forward thinker, these days Canada finds itself as close to the only nation without gold reserves. The Bank of Canada (BoC) sold its bullion hoard in the early 2000s at bargain prices, surprising everyone who understands sound money.

The official reason, according to former BoC governor David Dodge, had to do with storage costs and bond yields. Dodge elaborated on this back in May, when it was quite clear that any storage costs of holding gold are negligible compared to the risks associated with investing in government bonds (whose market is already years into a crisis). Along with the bond market going under, gold’s price has climbed sixfold during that timeframe.

It’s a good thing for central bankers they get their paychecks regardless of their investment performance.

A more unofficial reason for this shocking about-face, presented by analyst Martin Murenbeeld, is that Canada has no issue viewing itself as a satellite to the U.S. Or, more accurately, it had none back then. The BoC has a swap agreement with the Federal Reserve, meaning that it can just ask the Federal Reserve for liquidity if it’s needed.

We assume no sound money Canadian is happy with this answer, and less so in recent times. These days, nations around the world are making it clear that hoarding gold bullion is the thing to do, and not just because it’s such a safe haven. Serious doubts have been placed on whether the Federal Reserve actually has access to its own gold, or did it lease the bullion out (to save money on storage costs?)

Murenbeeld finds it a likely scenario that the U.S. might need to provide some gold backing to the U.S. dollar down the line to keep it afloat. It’s certainly a gold bug’s best-case scenario. But even if this doesn’t happen, it feels unlikelier that a country would want to part with its gold with each passing day. As BRICS collude to form a gold-backed alternative to the dollar, one that was made possible by dedicated gold hoarding, Canada might find itself regretting its decision even more.

2022, canada, Featured, gold price, inflation